Read "Latin America: Economic Faultlines" by Manuel Castells and Fernando Calderón in the Fall 2015 Berkeley Review of Latin American Studies.
The rise of neoliberalism in the 1990s was reversed in most of Latin America by social and political resistance, opening the way to new populist regimes and to a state-centered model of development, particularly, but not only, in Venezuela, Brazil, Argentina, Ecuador, and Bolivia in the first decade of 21st century. However, new social movements of various origins and ideologies, challenging the corruption of the state, are inducing a crisis of legitimacy and projecting uncertain avenues of social transformation without clearly defined socio-political actors. A new Latin America is in the making.
Manuel Castells is University Professor at the University of Southern California, and Professor Emeritus of Sociology and City Planning at the University of California, Berkeley.
Fernando Calderón was Senior Advisor for Human Development in Latin America at the United Nations Development Program. He was a Visiting Professor at UC Berkeley, Chicago, UT Austin, and Cornell.