Mexico granted land ownership to 2.5 million ejidatarios over the 1993-2006 period. The reform induced land consolidation and more effective land use. By freeing labor from residency on ejido land, it also induced large-scale out-migration and a switch among beneficiaries toward the more market-oriented political party.
Alain de Janvry is a professor of Agricultural and Resource Economics at UC Berkeley. His work focuses on impact evaluation and the role of agriculture in development.